The Bio-Psycho-Social Model of healthcare is an approach to healthcare that recognises the interrelationship between biological, psychological, and social factors in health and illness. This model provides a framework for healthcare providers to consider all aspects of a patient’s health and well-being when providing treatment. It emphasizes the importance of examining not only a patient’s medical history but also their mental, emotional, and social well-being, in order to create an effective and comprehensive approach to healthcare.
Bio-Psycho-Social Model Explained
At its core, the Bio-Psycho-Social Model of healthcare recognizes that a person’s overall health is a combination of physical, mental, and social factors. This means that it is not enough to simply treat a patient’s physical symptoms, say their lower back pain, knee pain, etc. Healthcare providers must also consider the mental and emotional well-being of a patient, as well as their social environment in order to provide the most effective care.
For example, a Physiotherapist treating a patient with neck pain and headaches should not stop simply at performing the necessary hands on treatments to improve the posture and soft tissue function needed to alleviate the symptoms. They should also consider the patient’s social environment and mental state. What started this chronic neck pain in the first place? Are their environmental factors? Does stress and lifestyle play a part? How have these symptoms affected the patient’s mental health, as well as their social relationships. By taking a comprehensive approach to the patient’s care, healthcare providers can better understand the patient’s condition and develop an effective treatment plan that does not just mask symptoms temporarily, but rather get to the root cause(s) and solve the problem there.
Similarly, a healthcare provider treating a patient with chronic pain may consider not only the biological factors, such as an underlying mechanical or medical condition, but also the psychological and social factors that may be contributing to the pain. For instance, the healthcare provider may look at the patient’s stress levels, assess how their living environment and relationships may be impacting their experience of pain, and recommend lifestyle changes such as movement, exercise routines, support environments or mental health services to help support the whole person.
The Bio-Psycho-Social Model of healthcare provides a framework for healthcare providers to consider the unique combination of biological, psychological, and social factors that affect a patient’s well-being. By taking a comprehensive approach to healthcare, providers can ensure that they are providing the most effective care for their patients.
It is through the use of this model that we at BPS are able to have such effective and long lasting impacts on our clients.
Want to learn more? Subscribe to our monthly newsletter, it’s full of helpful Biological, Psychological and Social evidence based tips for helping you to move well and feel better.